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» Dag Wieers » Howtos » Bits and pieces » Building RPM packages as user 
Building RPM packages as user
This document explains how to build packages without root-access. This might be useful in case you have a build environment where different users need to build packages without interfering each other.
To make RPM use your environment definitions, you need to override the default macros RPM uses. The only one that is crucial for this is %_topdir (which by default would point to /usr/src/redhat).

You can do this by adding the following to ~/.rpmmacros.

	%_topdir /home/dag/redhat/
As a consequence, RPM will need the default directory structure underneath. So you can do as user:
	mkdir -p ~/redhat/{BUILD,RPMS/{i386,i686,noarch},SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}

And now you're set to go.

Beware that you don't have the same permissions as root, which means you can't chown files to other users. So if the default Makefile uses chown or install to change ownership, this will obviously fail. As a workaround, you can't use %makeinstall, and instead use install yourself without changing owners. Ownerships should be in the %files section.
Since you now can build packages yourself, you can also customize the default packager, vendor and other information by defining more macros.
	%packager Dag Wieers <dag@wieers.com>
	%vendor Dag Wieers <dag@wieers.com>
	%_tmppath /home/dag/tmp/
	%_topdir /home/dag/redhat/
	%prefix /usr/local/

There are much more macros for changing default paths, programs or even function-macros. See our links for more specific information.

You can get more information about Build RPM packages at: